What is a cluster?
According to Dr. Michael E. Porter, a cluster is a group of companies and associations, geographically close, interconnected in a particular field, linked by their similarities and their complementarity. The geographic scope of a cluster can vary from a city or state, to a country, or even to a network of neighboring states or countries. A cluster usually involves more than one industry.
It is a group of companies from a similar line of business that collaborate to improve productivity. Companies within a cluster meet to increase efficiency and innovation in the interior, while boosting the economy of their region. Clusters generate links, facilitate potential exchanges and technology transfers, skills, information, and customer needs that are of interest to companies and industries, maintaining a comprehensive vision of sustainable development.
In this way, clustering complements the economic development strategies of the intermediate bodies, business councils and chambers, and economic development organizations and institutions.
Benefits of a cluster
The main benefits of a cluster lie in the impact they have on productivity, innovation and growth.
Clusters eliminate entry barriers to markets, since they facilitate access to assets, resources and knowledge. They improve the value chain of the industry and help to recognize the needs of the market and environment over which new businesses can be opened and generate growth. Cluster participants benefit greatly from established relationships and collaboration.
Sintonía focuses on this collaboration strategy along with other economic development efforts. Traditionally, the organisms, councils and business chambers lay the foundations for a good business environment while the Secretariat of Competitiveness, Labor and Economic Development and other organizations for economic development attract and expand the export companies and suppliers related to the region. Sintonía connects and relates these existing levels within the economy of our state and the region through clustering.